Enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is a common condition in men over the age of 50. It is caused by an increase in the size of the prostate gland, which can lead to a variety of urinary symptoms. Alpha-blockers are the most commonly prescribed medications for enlarged prostate, but there are other treatments available. Surgery, plant sterols, beta sitosterol, pumpkin seed oil, pygeum, acupuncture, and homeopathy are all potential treatments for enlarged prostate.
Alpha-blockers are medications that relax the muscles of the prostate and the base of the bladder, making it easier to urinate. The most commonly used alpha blockers are tamsulosin and alfuzosin. Alpha-blockers are used to treat men with moderate to severe urinary symptoms who have moderate prostate enlargement. The most common surgery used to treat an enlarged prostate is called transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).
This procedure involves removing part of the prostate gland through the urethra. It is usually recommended for men with severe symptoms or those who have not responded to other treatments. Plant sterols like beta sitosterol may help reduce inflammation and improve urine flow in men with an enlarged prostate. Pumpkin seed oil is a safe and effective alternative treatment for prostate enlargement.
Pygeum, when combined with other herbs, may help reduce frequent urination problems in people with an enlarged prostate. Acupuncture and homeopathy have not been proven to help control the symptoms of an enlarged prostate. However, if your enlarged prostate isn't causing problems, you may decide to wait and see if your symptoms get worse before getting treatment. Be sure to tell your doctor about any medications or herbal remedies you are already using, in case they interfere with medications for prostate enlargement.