An enlarged prostate is a condition in which the prostate gland has grown larger than normal. This is a common occurrence in men as they age, and is also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is not cancerous and does not increase the risk of prostate cancer. Benign prostate enlargement (BPE) is the medical term used to describe an enlarged prostate, which can cause changes in urination.
Over time, BPH can prevent the bladder from emptying completely, leading to a malfunctioning bladder and even complete inability to urinate. This is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment. Even if this is corrected, you may still need a catheter to urinate. The exact cause of prostate enlargement is unknown, but it is believed to be linked to hormonal changes that occur as men age.
To learn more about the latest advances in diagnosing and treating prostate diseases, read the Harvard Medical School Annual Report on Prostate Diseases. The severity of the symptoms does not necessarily correlate with the degree of prostate enlargement. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of an enlarged prostate, contact Cleveland Urology Associates at (440) 891-6500 or request an appointment online.