Benign prostate enlargement (BPE) is a common condition in men over the age of 50. It is not cancerous and usually does not pose a serious health threat. BPE is also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The prostate is part of the reproductive system and its function is to add fluid to sperm before ejaculation.
As men age, the prostate grows and can begin to pinch the urethra, which can make it difficult to urinate. Symptoms of an enlarged prostate include difficulty urinating, feeling the need to urinate frequently, and a weak or slow urine stream. Treatment for an enlarged prostate can range from watchful waiting to medications or surgery. To help ease symptoms, men should limit their intake of fluids, alcohol, caffeine, and over-the-counter decongestants and antihistamines.
Some people take herbs such as saw palmetto for prostate enlargement, but there is no evidence that these herbs are effective. Having an enlarged prostate does not increase the risk of prostate cancer, but men can have both conditions at the same time. Obesity and diabetes may increase the risk of developing an enlarged prostate. It is important to learn about enlarged prostate and if it is dangerous to your health.