They can also do blood tests to check for prostate cancer or prostatitis. They measure prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a natural substance produced by the prostate. The prostate is a small gland that is part of the male reproductive system. Prostate cancer and prostatitis are two conditions that can affect the prostate and can present with similar symptoms.
However, the two conditions are different, as prostatitis refers to inflammation of the prostate, while prostate cancer is when cancer cells develop in the prostate. Prostate enlargement and prostatitis are not signs of prostate cancer, which is the growth of abnormal prostate cells. Prostatitis is a benign condition that, while not always curable, can almost always be treated with antibiotics. Sometimes, inflammation due to prostatitis can raise the level of PSA (prostate-specific antigen).
However, it does not lead to cancer. The prostate (not prostrate) uses male hormones called androgens, such as testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), to activate and maintain male sexual characteristics and reproduction. Every year, thousands of men are diagnosed with prostatitis. Some of them might even have it.
Weak or interrupted urine flow or the need to work hard to empty the bladder Cancer, Net GuideCancer. Treatments are most effective when cancer is detected early. In fact, immediate treatment is not always necessary. Sometimes just watching the cancer until it grows is enough.
When the cancer is located only in the prostate, surgery to remove the prostate or a radical prostatectomy may be the best option. With external beam radiation, high-energy beams that deliver photons attack and destroy abnormal prostate cells outside the body. Another treatment is chemotherapy, which uses powerful chemicals that kill cancer cells. Cryotherapy, which freezes cancer cells, or heat, can be used to destroy cancer cells with a high-intensity focused ultrasound.
Keep in mind that prostate cancer uses the male hormone or testosterone as an important factor for growth. In some types of prostate cancer, it may be beneficial to block that hormone with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), which can delay the cancer or even put it into remission. It's usually not curative, and usually cancer will find a way to grow even with a lack of testosterone. Sometimes, ADT is used in combination to improve the treatment success of other therapies, such as radiation.
All of these treatments have side effects of varying degrees and have different success rates in treating prostate cancer. It's important that you have an honest conversation with your family and your care team and that you analyze all that information to make the best decision for you. Support groups for cancer survivors can be helpful in dealing with the stress of diagnosis and treatment. Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate that can cause pain, sexual dysfunction, and problems with urination.
Prostate cancer that is caught early, when it is still confined to the prostate gland, has the best chance of successful treatment. Recurrent bacterial prostatitis can be caused by an underlying prostate problem, such as BPH or repeated urinary tract infections. However, some evidence suggests that people who take these medications may have a higher risk of developing a more serious form of prostate cancer (high-grade prostate cancer). Prostate problems are more common in older adults because the prostate grows as a person ages, and growth affects how it works.
Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate gland, which is located just below the bladder in men and surrounds the upper part of the tube that drains urine from the bladder (urethra). Medications to relax the muscle in the upper part of the urethra (where the prostate surrounds it) may be effective in relieving prostatitis pain. Detecting low-grade and low-stage prostate cancers is a challenge, as treatments for prostate cancer (surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or hormone reduction) have side effects and risks that may be worse than the consequences of the cancer itself. Many prostate cancers grow slowly and are limited to the prostate gland, where they may not cause serious damage.
Prostate cancer can be localized (there are no abnormal cells outside the prostate) or advanced (abnormal cells have moved to tissues and organs surrounding the prostate or to other parts of the body). Because an enlarged prostate puts pressure on the urethra, it usually causes problems with urination. Prostatitis is a condition that involves painful inflammation of the prostate and surrounding area. It's not uncommon for a person to experience symptoms of prostatitis and also receive a diagnosis of prostate cancer.
The symptoms of an enlarged prostate can be inconvenient, limiting daily activities, and causing significant stress and anxiety. Most prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas, meaning that the cancer develops in the gland, or secretory cells, where the body produces prostate fluid. .